maria lorraine's Profile

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Recommendation for a pre-vow renewal lunch in Napa?

Meadowood, Etoile, Auberge.

Apr 14, 2014
maria lorraine in San Francisco Bay Area

3 drinks, up at 3am, why?

What I've read (sources below) is that alcohol affects sleep in two ways. It makes it easier to fall asleep but disrupts deep sleep.

And the amount of disruption of REM sleep is dose related, meaning, one or two drinks may not affect REM sleep, but three drinks increases that chance of it.

"At all doses studied, alcohol increased deep or so-called slow-wave sleep (SWS) during the first part of the night. This type of slumber is associated with healing and regeneration of bones, muscles and other tissues, as well as maintaining a strong immune system.

"In contrast, drinking has long been known to reduce REM sleep, the deepest sleep stage in which most dreams occur and during which memories are likely stored and learning occurs...

"One or two drinks, for example, can increase slow-wave sleep while not affecting deeper REM sleep. But more alcohol can cut into the time spent in the REM stage. So that nightcap may be helpful in getting you to doze off, while a wild night of heavy drinking is likely to make you more restless. Moderation, it seems, is the key to a good night’s sleep."

Info Sources:
Scientists Study How Drinking Alcohol Affects Sleep Quality
http://healthland.time.com/2013/02/08/sleeping-it-off-how-alcohol-affects-sleep-quality/
This is Time Magazine's writeup on the following study:

Alcohol and Sleep I: Effects on Normal Sleep
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume 37, Issue 4, April 2013, Pages: 539`–549, Irshaad O. Ebrahim, Colin M. Shapiro, Adrian J. Williams and Peter B. Fenwick
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/enhanc...

Apr 12, 2014
maria lorraine in Not About Food

Chablis vegetable pairing?

I'm with Chef June on this. You cannot pair to Chablis as you would to Chardonnay.

NaFLa, is the wine true Chablis or is it Chardonnay?

The wines differ from each other a good deal, and require different pairings. Chablis, as Chef June said, is often flinty and lean, and differs greatly from Chardonnays made in a buttery style or even a rounder fuller style.

Since the styles of Chardonnay vary widely, no one single pairing fits all the styles. In fact, a pairing for one style of Chardonnay may be a clash for another style. The best pairings are those matched to the individual style of Chardonnay.

Apr 09, 2014
maria lorraine in Wine
2

What is plonk, really?

I need to dig out my Tom Lehrer. I love the song about Alma Mahler. Haven't heard him in awhile.

Apr 04, 2014
maria lorraine in Wine

What is plonk, really?

Wonderful, Jason.

PS: Indeed, it was 1964: "I know when I see it."

Apr 04, 2014
maria lorraine in Wine

wine auction at K&L Wines

I'd trust them. They're pretty sharp, and inspect the bottles carefully. I'd ask if some buyer protections are in place for DOA wines.

Apr 02, 2014
maria lorraine in Wine

suggestions for Yountville and surroundings

Some good recommendations here:

Napa Valley: Still a star for wine and food
http://insidescoopsf.sfgate.com/blog/...

Apr 02, 2014
maria lorraine in San Francisco Bay Area

Toxic Food Combinations [moved from General Topics board]

I get it. But this was 5-6 hours -- not 12 or 24 hours -- and resolved by puking/eliminating. That's not just short-lived, that's super short-lived and a big tipoff.

I'm quite familiar with food-borne illnesses, safety, precaution, etc.

Apr 02, 2014
maria lorraine in Not About Food

Toxic Food Combinations [moved from General Topics board]

I'm not interested in arguing with you. The symptoms present pretty clearly as food poisoning, both in onset and resolution.

Norovirus usually takes longer to resolve than 24 hours (the resolution here was about 5 hours, too quick for noro, and after vomiting/elimination). With norovirus, also, the onset is .5 to 7 days after exposure.

I've just checked with the medical folks around me about norovirus, and with some other folks versed in food poisoning onset and resolution, and I'm standing by what I have written.

True, none of us can diagnose from a distance.

Apr 01, 2014
maria lorraine in Not About Food
1

Toxic Food Combinations [moved from General Topics board]

Honestly, it could be both -- since norovirus is often acquired via contaminated food or drink.

As well as touching surfaces contaminated with the virus, and being exposed to infected persons.

Apr 01, 2014
maria lorraine in Not About Food

Toxic Food Combinations [moved from General Topics board]

Norovirus takes 12 hours to 1 week to make someone sick and a week to resolve, so with the immediate onset and quick resolution of this illness, it seems like food poisoning.

Apr 01, 2014
maria lorraine in Not About Food

Sub Maple Syrup for Corn Syrup?

Same question here:
http://chowhound.chow.com/topics/579722

Generally, no, you can't sub maple syrup in recipes like yours or in candy.

Corn syrup is an invert sugar, so it's different chemically, and will produce different results (less grainy, silkier, smoother) than maple syrup. You risk a texture error (crystals) using maple syrup.

Apr 01, 2014
maria lorraine in Home Cooking

Toxic Food Combinations [moved from General Topics board]

A flu or virus does not resolve so quickly. There is no such thing as a 12- or 24-hour flu. Symptoms fit classic food poisoning profile.

Apr 01, 2014
maria lorraine in Not About Food
1

suggestions for Yountville and surroundings

But please venture north from Yountville to St. Helena, and south to the city of Napa for lunch and dinner options also. Either direction is an easy drive, just straight up or down Highway 29 from Yountville.

Apr 01, 2014
maria lorraine in San Francisco Bay Area

suggestions for Yountville and surroundings

Ad Hoc, especially for fried chicken night.
Bistro Jeanty for tomato soup with puff pastry dome, smoked trout salad, cassoulet, mussels in red wine, tarte tatin, steak tartare http://www.bistrojeanty.com/home/bistrojeanty/Current%20menu%20march%202013.pdf
Redd -- worth it
Redd Wood, pizzas, pastas and short ribs
http://www.redd-wood.com/menus
Burgers at Pacific Blues
Ciccio for Italian dishes, pastas, pizzas, pork shoulder http://www.ciccionapavalley.com/menu
Bouchon, but sit only at the bar. Love the mussels and French fries, raw bar, pate de campagne, roast chicken, etc.

Mar 31, 2014
maria lorraine in San Francisco Bay Area

Toxic Food Combinations [moved from General Topics board]

Yes, you got food poisoning from some ingredient you ate that day.

Mar 31, 2014
maria lorraine in Not About Food

No evidence saturated fats promote heart disease, no evidence unsaturated fats reduce it

More operative than saliva probably is gut signaling, a relatively new area of metabolic study. A huge number of peptides, bacteria and hormones in the gut signal the brain and other organs and directly affect metabolism and weight.

Transcription factor/FXR, PYY, CCK, GLP-1, grehlin, leptin, etc.

Mar 30, 2014
maria lorraine in Food Media & News

Bread Baking at Home

Thanks. This is what I needed.

Mar 29, 2014
maria lorraine in Home Cooking

No evidence saturated fats promote heart disease, no evidence unsaturated fats reduce it

Sounds like moderation. And very tasty too!

Mar 28, 2014
maria lorraine in Food Media & News

Bread Baking at Home

I've read about this same thing before, on other baking boards, and was aware of your question earlier on Chowhound. Perhaps some internet searching can find a more exact answer.

I'm not sure freezing fresh-baked bread works at all. Perhaps a re-think is in order.

Completely baked loaves are never frozen by bakeries or supermarket brands, perhaps for the very problem you describe. If you recall, bread loaves are partially baked, then frozen, then baked again to complete the baking. The outer perimeter of the loaf of bread, laden with moisture, then gets a chance to dry out in the oven during the final bake.

Doing something like this might be a good option for you -- it seems that's what the major brands do to keep the loaf intact.

Mar 27, 2014
maria lorraine in Home Cooking

Bread Baking at Home

Moisture travels from the inside of the loaf to the outer perimeter of the loaf (moisture migration). With the plastic wrap, the moisture has no way to evaporate. When the bread thaws, the moisture-laden outer layer is too full of moisture to remain adhered to the rest of the loaf and falls off. Skip the Saran wrap and try freezer paper.

Mar 27, 2014
maria lorraine in Home Cooking

Bread Baking at Home

Could you please offer some rye formulas here?

I make rye bread often, and think that without caraway, it tastes like a robust whole wheat bread.

I purchase the Bob's Red Mill rye flours and rye meal, and always add vital wheat gluten to the mix since the rye flours lack it.

Also, I get the best results using a combo of flours -- adding whole wheat flour or unbleached bread flour since 100% rye is a bit too heavy. The dough always requires more water than usual. Needs more yeast, proportionately, to rise, also.

Would love to see your calculations.

Mar 27, 2014
maria lorraine in Home Cooking

No evidence saturated fats promote heart disease, no evidence unsaturated fats reduce it

Sorry, I disagree, for the reasons already stated.

Mar 27, 2014
maria lorraine in Food Media & News

No evidence saturated fats promote heart disease, no evidence unsaturated fats reduce it

The difference here is the HUGE NUMBER of current study articles all on the same subject -- saturated fat -- from all over the world, with a huge range of funding sources.

The second difference is the specificity of the research -- the connection between saturated fat AND diabetes/insulin, or saturated fat AND inflammation, and so forth throughout the list of conditions. The AND in all caps functions as a Boolean connector as it does when doing the same search in the database.

Third, the large studies or longitudinal studies or controlled studies are of special merit and legitimacy.

Finally, to be a scientifically-verified and peer-reviewed article, the articles above must have survived two levels of scientific review, and both levels examine funding sources and grant sources thoroughly for any conflict of interest. Likewise, the scientists and authors of the study must survive the same two-stage review. Thanks anyway.

Mar 27, 2014
maria lorraine in Food Media & News

Bread Baking at Home

Glad it worked out. Now it's just a process of tweaking.
I think the corrected No-Knead NYT version is a miraculous method, and perfect for people who work during the day. Good luck to you.

Take an internal temp reading if you can -- shoot for 205F.

Mar 26, 2014
maria lorraine in Home Cooking
1

No evidence saturated fats promote heart disease, no evidence unsaturated fats reduce it

Forget saturated fat's effect on hardening arteries and contributing to heart disease for a moment.

Instead, look at the effect of dietary saturated fat on:

DIABETES, INSULIN RESISTANCE
INFLAMMATION
PROSTATE CANCER
BREAST CANCER
OBESITY
FATTY LIVER DISEASE, LIVER DAMAGE
VIRUSES
COGNITIVE DECLINE, MEMORY DECLINE
GENETICS
OTHER DISEASES AND ISSUES
CARBOHYDRATES AND SATURATED FAT

I wanted to become more informed about this issue, so I went to the National Library of Medicine database, and searched for articles with saturated fat in the title, published in the last FIVE years.

I found many other conditions and diseases influenced by the consumption of saturated fat. Not only heart disease.

I've tried to be very fair here in showing the latest medical research so everyone can see it. I have removed no articles.

All the articles are here, from the last five years, from all over the world and from different disciplines.

The bulk of articles, clearly, is on the negative effect of consuming saturated fat.

There are a few articles on the relationship between saturated fat having less impact with a low-carb diet. I've included those too, lest anyone think I am not giving due credit to the idea.

Take a glance through the list.

If you wish to read the actual studies,
or to verify the search results, go here:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc

Saturated Fat in the title, last five years, National Library of Medicine database:

INSULIN RESISTANCE, DIABETES

Individual saturated fatty acids are associated with different components of insulin resistance and glucose metabolism: the GOCADAN study
Sven O.E. Int J Circumpolar Health. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 March 19.
Published in final edited form as: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2010 September; 69(4): 344–351.

Saturated Free Fatty Acids: Islet β Cell StressERs
Raghavendra G. Mirmira
Endocrine. Published in final edited form as: Endocrine. 2012 August; 42(1): 1–2.

Kinetics of Saturated, Monounsaturated, and Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Humans
Robert H. Nelson,
Diabetes. 2013 March; 62(3): 783–788. Published online 2013 February 14.

Genetic predisposition to type 2 diabetes is associated with impaired insulin secretion but does not modify insulin resistance or secretion in response to an intervention to lower dietary saturated fat
Celia G. Walker, Genes Nutr. 2012 October; 7(4): 529–536.

Cultured hypothalamic neurons are resistant to inflammation and insulin resistance induced by saturated fatty acids
Sun Ju Choi, Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2010 June; 298(6): E1122–E1130.

Effects of Adiposity on Plasma Lipid Response to Reductions in Dietary Saturated Fatty Acids and Cholesterol
Michael R. Flock. Adv Nutr. 2011 May; 2(3): 261–274.

...

INFLAMMATION

Saturated fatty acids activate TLR-mediated proinflammatory signaling pathways
Shurong Huang, J Lipid Res. 2012 September; 53(9): 2002–2013. doi: 10.1194/jlr.D029546

Lipin-2 Reduces Proinflammatory Signaling Induced by Saturated Fatty Acids in Macrophages
Martín Valdearcos, J Biol Chem. 2012 March 30; 287(14): 10894–10904. Published online 2012 February 8. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M112.342915

Angptl4 protects against severe pro-inflammatory effects of dietary saturated fat by inhibiting lipoprotein lipase-dependent uptake of fatty acids in mesenteric lymph node macrophages.
Laeticia Lichtenstein, Cell Metab.
Cell Metab. 2010 December 1; 12(6): 580–592.

Increased saturated fatty acids in obesity alter resolution of inflammation in part by stimulating prostaglandin production
Jason Hellmann, J Immunol. 2013 August 1; 191(3): 1383–1392.

Saturated Long Chain Fatty acids Activate Inflammatory Signaling in Astrocytes
Sunita Gupta, J Neurochem.
J Neurochem. 2012 March; 120(6): 1060–1071.

Muscle cells challenged with saturated fatty acids mount an autonomous inflammatory response that activates macrophages
Nicolas J Pillon, Cell Commun Signal. 2012; 10: 30.

Effects of a Diet Enriched with Polyunsaturated, Saturated, or Trans Fatty Acids on Cytokine Content in the Liver, White Adipose Tissue, and Skeletal Muscle of Adult Mice
Bruno dos Santos
Mediators Inflamm. 2013; Published online 2013 August 20.

Differential Effect of Saturated and Unsaturated Free Fatty Acids on the Generation of Monocyte Adhesion and Chemotactic Factors by Adipocytes: Dissociation of Adipocyte Hypertrophy From Inflammation
Chang Yeop Han
Diabetes. 2010 February; 59(2): 386–396.

Nutraceutical agents with anti-inflammatory properties prevent dietary saturated-fat induced disturbances in blood–brain barrier function in wild-type mice
Ryusuke Takechi
J Neuroinflammation. 2013; 10: 73.

Angptl4 protects against severe pro-inflammatory effects of dietary saturated fat by inhibiting lipoprotein lipase-dependent uptake of fatty acids in mesenteric lymph node macrophagesLaeticia Lichtenstein, Cell Metab. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 July 1.

Plasma phospholipid saturated fatty acids and heart failure risk in the Physicians’ Health Study
Chisa Matsumoto
Clin Nutrition. 2013 October; 32(5): 819–823.

...

PROSTATE CANCER
Blood Levels of Saturated and Monounsaturated Fatty Acids as Markers of De Novo Lipogenesis and Risk of Prostate Cancer
Jorge E. Chavarro,
Am J Epidemiol. 2013 October 15; 178(8): 1246–1255. Published online 2013 August 28.

...

BREAST CANCER
Prospective Associations between Plasma Saturated, Monounsaturated and Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Overall and Breast Cancer Risk – Modulation by Antioxidants: A Nested Case-Control Study
Camille Pouchieu,. Published online 2014 February 27.

...

OBESITY
A High Intake of Saturated Fatty Acids Strengthens the Association between the Fat Mass and Obesity-Associated Gene and BMI
Dolores Corella, J Nutr. 2011 December; 141(12): 2219–2225.

Extensive impact of saturated fatty acids on metabolic and cardiovascular profile in rats with diet-induced obesity: a canonical analysis
Silvio A
Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2013; 12: 65. Published online 2013 April 15.

Differential effects of saturated versus unsaturated dietary fatty acids on weight gain and myocellular lipid profiles in mice
S Timmers
Nutr Diabetes. 2011 July; 1(7): e11.

Low density lipoprotein receptor related protein 1 variant interacts with saturated fatty acids in Puerto Ricans
Caren E. Smith
Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 March; 21(3): 602–608.

Influence of dietary saturated fat content on adiposity, macrophage behavior, inflammation, and metabolism: composition matters
Reilly T. Enos
J Lipid Res. 2013 January; 54(1): 152–163

Effects of Adiposity on Plasma Lipid Response to Reductions in Dietary Saturated Fatty Acids and Cholesterol
Michael R. Flock
Adv Nutr. 2011 May; 2(3): 261–274. Published online 2011 April 30. doi: 10.3945/an.111.000422

...

FATTY LIVER DISEASE, LIVER DAMAGE

Molecular Mechanisms and the Role of Saturated Fatty Acids in the Progression of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Alexandra K.
Prog Lipid Res. 2013 January; 52(1): 10.1016/j.plipres.2012.10.004.

Saturated fatty acids activate ERK signaling to downregulate hepatic sortilin 1 in obese and diabetic mice
Lipeng Bi,
J Lipid Res. 2013 October; 54(10): 2754–2762.

Role of SIRT1-FoxO1 Signaling in Dietary Saturated Fat-Dependent Upregulation of Liver Adiponectin Receptor 2 in Ethanol-Administered Mice
Xiaomei Liang
Antioxid Redox Signal. 2011 July 15; 15(2): 425–435.

...

VIRUSES

Saturated Very Long Chain Fatty Acids Are Required for the Production of Infectious Human Cytomegalovirus Progeny
Emre Koyuncu
PLoS Pathog. 2013 May; 9(5): e1003333. Published online 2013 May 16.

...

COGNITIVE DECLINE, MEMORY DECLINE

Monounsaturated, trans & saturated fatty acids and cognitive decline in women
Asghar Z. Naqvi
J Am Geriatr Soc. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 May 1.
Published in final edited form as: J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 May; 59(5): 837–843.

...

GENETICS

Genetic predisposition influences plasma lipids of participants on habitual diet, but not the response to reductions in dietary intake of saturated fatty acids
C.G. Walker, Atherosclerosis. 2011 April; 215(2): 421–427.

Regulation of hepatic gene expression by saturated fatty acids
T. Vallim, A.M. Salter
Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2010 April; 82(4-6): 211–218.

...

OTHER

The Complex and Important Cellular and Metabolic Functions of Saturated Fatty Acids
Philippe Legrand, Vincent Rioux
Lipids. 2010 October; 45(10): 941–946. Published online 2010 July 13.

Saturated fatty acids enhance osteoclast survival
So-Ra Oh
J Lipid Res. 2010 May; 51(5): 892–899.

Metabolic Flux Between Unsaturated and Saturated Fatty Acids is Controlled by the FabA:FabB Ratio in the Fully Reconstituted Fatty Acid Biosynthetic Pathway of E. coli
Xirui Xiao, Xingye Yu, Chaitan Khosla
Biochemistry.
Published in final edited form as: Biochemistry. 2013 November 19; 52(46): 10.1021/bi401116n.

Activity and Viability of Methanogens in Anaerobic Digestion of Unsaturated and Saturated Long-Chain Fatty Acids.
Diana Z. , Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013 July; 79(14): 4239–4245.

Solvent-free enzymatic synthesis of 1, 3-Diacylglycerols by direct esterification of glycerol with saturated fatty acids
Nanjing Zhong
Lipids Health Dis. 2013; 12: 65. Published online 2013 May 8.

New insights into the health effects of dietary saturated and omega-6 and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
Michel de Lorgeril
BMC Med. 2012; 10: 50. Published online 2012 May 21. doi: 10.1186/1741-7015-10-50

Sources of excessive saturated fat, trans fat and sugar consumption in Brazil: an analysis of the first Brazilian nationwide individual dietary survey
Rosangela A Pereira
Public Health Nutr. 2014 January; 17(1): 113–121.

...

CARBOHYDRATES AND SATURATED FAT

Limited Effect of Dietary Saturated Fat on Plasma Saturated Fat in the Context of a Low Carbohydrate Diet
Cassandra E. Forsythe, Lipids. 2010 October; 45(10): 947–962. Published online 2010 September 7.

Dietary Carbohydrate Modifies the Inverse Association Between Saturated Fat Intake and Cholesterol on Very Low-Density Lipoproteins
A.C. Wood,
Lipid Insights. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2011 September 10.
Lipid Insights. 2011 August 23; 2011(4): 7–15.

...

And finally,

here are the articles showing the connection between saturated fat intake and

CARDIOVASCULAR/HEART DISEASE

Saturated fatty acids activate TLR-mediated proinflammatory signaling pathways
Shurong Huang, J Lipid Res. 2012 September; 53(9): 2002–2013. doi: 10.1194/jlr.D029546

Dietary intake of saturated fat by food source and incident cardiovascular disease: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
Marcia C de Oliveira Otto,
Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 August; 96(2): 397–404. Published online 2012 July 3.

Saturated Fatty Acids and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: Modulation by Replacement Nutrients
Patty W. Siri-Tarino,
Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2010 November; 12(6): 384–390. Published online 2010 August

Total Fats, Saturated Fatty Acids, Processed Foods and Acute Coronary Syndrome in Transitional Albania
Iris Mone, Anyla Bulo
Mater Sociomed. 2012; 24(2): 91–93. doi: 10.5455/msm.2012.24.91-93

N-3 vs. Saturated fatty acids: Effects on the arterial wall
S. Sudheendran, C. C. Chang, R.J. Deckelbaum
Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2011 April 1.
Published in final edited form as: Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2010 Apr–Jun; 82(4-6): 205–209. Published online 2010 March 6.

Effects of dietary saturated fat on LDL subclasses and apolipoprotein CIII in men
Nastaran Faghihnia, Lara M. Mangravite, Sally Chiu, Nathalie Bergeron, Ronald M. Krauss
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2012 November; 66(11): 1229–1233.

Dietary saturated fat and docosahexaenoic acid differentially effect cardiac mitochondrial phospholipid fatty acyl composition and Ca2+ uptake, without altering permeability transition or left ventricular function
Kelly A O'Connell
Physiol Rep. 2013 June; 1(1): e00009. Published online 2013 June 12.

Dietary saturated fat/cholesterol, but not unsaturated fat or starch, induces C-reactive protein associated early atherosclerosis and ectopic fat deposition in diabetic pigs
Sietse J Koopmans
Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2011; 10: 64. Published online 2011 July 14.

Dietary saturated fat and fibre and risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality among type 1 diabetic patients: the EURODIAB Prospective Complications Study
D. A. J. M. Schoenaker
Diabetologia. 2012 August; 55(8): 2132–2141. Published online 2012 April 12.

Dietary Fiber and Saturated Fat Intake Associations with Cardiovascular Disease Differ by Sex in the Malmö Diet and Cancer Cohort: A Prospective Study
Peter Wallström
PLoS One. 2012; 7(2): e31637. Published online 2012 February 27.

Is Almond Consumption More Effective Than Reduced Dietary Saturated Fat at Decreasing Plasma Total Cholesterol and LDL-c Levels? A Theoretical Approach
Rudy M. Ortiz, Steven Garcia, Arnold D. Kim
J Nutr Metab. 2012; 2012: 265712.

Mar 25, 2014
maria lorraine in Food Media & News
4

No evidence saturated fats promote heart disease, no evidence unsaturated fats reduce it

Thank you. It's true there are indoctrinated, entrenched paths in research, but is also true that medical insights and innovation are coming from other than traditional pathways. Medical innovation has borrowed a great deal from the methods by which tech innovation happens, coming from the fringes of the industry or from the small independent company or thinker. Part of the reason for the innovation and emphasis on healthy lifestyle and less pharma is that HMOs save money and ease the load on staff by treating fewer patient illnesses, and they're pouring huge amounts of dollars into lifestyle research, in addition to illness treatment research.

Mar 25, 2014
maria lorraine in Food Media & News

No evidence saturated fats promote heart disease, no evidence unsaturated fats reduce it

A huge number of errors, says the article.

A long list of conflicts of interest are listed by the study authors in the study text itself.

"They have done a huge amount of damage," says Walter Willett, chair of the nutrition department at the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston. "I think a retraction with similar press promotion should be considered."

-- "Scientists Fix Errors in Controversial Paper About Saturated Fats"

Mar 25, 2014
maria lorraine in Food Media & News

Muir Woods to Napa winery

116 takes much more time, probably 30-45 minutes more. The detour through Healdsburg is a long long long detour I wouldn't recommend. Probably adds 2-3 hours.

The best and prettiest route with a Sonoma Square detour: 101 to 37 to 12/121 north to 12 to Sonoma Square. Then to Napa: 12 south to 121 East to 29 North to Napa.

Otherwise, the route straight to Napa with no detours is: 101 North to 37 East to 12/121, to 29 north to Napa.

Hope this helps. I'm a road warrior who's willing to drive a bit more for beauty (and obviously, good food) but in this case, the most direct route is also the prettiest.

Happy Marriage!

Mar 24, 2014
maria lorraine in San Francisco Bay Area

Bread Baking at Home

That was one beautiful long post.

<<"The Karate Kid". The master looks at the teen and says, "you no learn karate from book".>>

Best laugh of the day, so far.

Mar 24, 2014
maria lorraine in Home Cooking